major Terrorist attacks of Worlds

Estimate Name Country City Date
2,974 September 11, 2001 attacks United States New York City, NY,
Arlington, VA,
Shanksville, PA
2001
796 2007 Qahtaniya bombings Iraq Qahtaniya 2007
422 Cinema Rex fire Iran Abadan 1978
365 Beslan School Siege Russia Beslan 2004
329 Air India Flight 182 Atlantic Ocean 1985
307 1983 Beirut barracks bombing Lebanon Beirut 1983
270 Pan Am Flight 103 United Kingdom Lockerbie, Scotland 1988
257 1993 Mumbai bombings India Mumbai 1993
252 2001 Angola train attack Angola 2001
238 MV Dara Southwest Asia Persian Gulf 1961
237 1998 United States embassy bombings Kenya,
Tanzania
Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
215 Sadr City bombings Iraq Sadr City 2006
209 Mumbai train bombings India Mumbai 2006
202 2002 Bali bombings Indonesia Bali 2002
198 April 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
191 March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings Spain Madrid 2004
178 Ashoura Massacre Iraq Kerbala and Baghdad 2004
175 2008 Mumbai attacks India Mumbai 2008
171 UTA Flight UT-772 Niger 1989
170 Moscow Theatre Siege Russia Moscow 2002
168 Oklahoma City bombing United States Oklahoma City 1995
155 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Iraq Tal Afar 2007
150 St Nedelya Church assault Bulgaria Sofia 1925
136 2007 Karachi bombing Pakistan Karachi 2007
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Iraq Baghdad 2007
130 Rafiganj train disaster India Rafiganj 2002
128 Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 Guangzhou China 1990
127 8 December 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Iraq Al Hillah 2005
125 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Indian Ocean 1996
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Iraq Al Hillah 2007
117 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing Pakistan Peshawar 2009
117 2004 Irbil bombings Iraq Irbil 2004
116 Superferry 14 bombing Philippines 2004
112 2006 Digampathana bombing Sri Lanka Digampathana 2006
112 September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2005
112 Avianca Flight 203 Colombia 1989
112 Gulf Air Flight 771 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1983
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Pakistan Orakzai 2008
105 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing Pakistan Lakki Marwat 2010
102 World’s first suicide car bombing Lebanon Tyre 1982
101 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
98 1 February 2008 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2008
98 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Iraq Musayyib 2005
91 King David Hotel bombing Mandatory Palestine Jerusalem 1946
90 Central Bank Bombing Sri Lanka Colombo 1996
90 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh 2005
89 Russian airplane bombings Russia 2004
88 TWA Flight 841 Ionian Sea 1974
88 22 January 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
86 AMIA Bombing Argentina Buenos Aires 1994
85 Buratha Mosque bombing Iraq Baghdad 2006
85 Stazione Centrale bombing Italy Bologna 1980
83 Imam Ali Mosque bombing Iraq Najaf 2003
81 2008 Assam bombings India Assam 2008
80 Jaipur bombings India Jaipur 2008
80 1985 Beirut car bombing Lebanon Beirut 1985
76 February 12, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
75 2007 Baghlan sugar factory bombing Afghanistan Baghlan 2008
74 2005 Khanaqin bombings Iraq Khanaqin 2005
74 21 April 2004 Basra bombings Iraq Basra 2004
74 2004 Kufa shelling Iraq Kufa 2004
73 20 June 2009 Taza bombing Iraq Taza 2009
72 March 2010 Lahore bombings Pakistan Lahore 2010
70 2008 Wah bombing Pakistan Wah 2008
70 2007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombing Iraq Baghdad 2007
69 24 June 2009 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2009
68 6 March 2008 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2008
68 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings India 2007
68 2004 Baqubah bombing Baqubah Iraq 2004
63 February 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
63 DAS Building bombing Colombia Bogotá 1989
63 Iraqi Airways Flight 163 Arar Saudi Arabia 1986
63 April 1983 US Embassy bombing Lebanon Beirut 1983
62 July 1, 2006 Sadr City bombing Iraq Sadr City 2006
62 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings India Delhi 2005
62 24 June 2004 Mosul bombings Iraq Mosul 2004
61 October 29, 2005 New Delhi bombings India New Delhi 2005
60 2005 Amman bombings Jordan Amman 2005
60 EgyptAir Flight 648 Athens Greece 1985
60 Second Tyre truck bombing attack Lebanon Tyre 1983
58 2008 Indian embassy bombing in Kabul Afghanistan Kabul 2008
57 2003 Istanbul Bombings Turkey Istanbul 2003
56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings Pakistan Ahmedabad 2008
54 1 February 2010 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2010
54 December 2009 Lahore attacks Pakistan Lahore 2009
54 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing Pakistan Islamabad 2008
52 7 July 2005 London bombings United Kingdom London, England 2005
52 2003 Mumbai bombings India Mumbai 2003
51 17 June 2008 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2008
48 2009 Jamrud mosque bombing Pakistan Jamrud 2009
47 2008 Parachinar bombing Pakistan 2008
46 2003 Casablanca bombings Morocco Casablanca 2003
43 2009 Karachi bombing Pakistan Karachi 2009
43 2008 Issers bombing Algeria 2008
42 April 4, 2010 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2010
42 February 2004 Moscow metro bombing Russia Moscow 2004
41 25 January 2010 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2010
41 December 11, 2007 Algiers bombings Algeria Algiers 2007
40 2010 Moscow Metro bombings Russia Moscow 2010
38 December 2009 Rawalpindi attack Pakistan Rawalpindi 2009
38 2001 attack on Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly India Srinagar 2001
38 Wall Street bombing United States New York City 1920
37 2006 Malegaon blasts India 2006
35 November 2009 Rawalpindi bombing Pakistan Rawalpindi 2009
35 2009 Beledweyne bombing Somalia Beledweyne 2009
35 2009 Lahore bombing Pakistan Lahore 2009
35 September 2008 Peshawar bombing Pakistan Peshawar 2008
35 15 July 2008 Baquba bombings Iraq Baqubah 2008
34 6 April 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
34 2004 Sinai bombings Egypt Taba,
Nuweiba
2004
33 3 March 2010 Baqubah bombings Iraq Baqubah 2010
33 Pan Am Flight 110 Italy 1973
33 1998 Coimbatore bombings India Coimbatore 1998
33 Dublin and Monaghan Bombings Ireland Dublin,
Monaghan
1974
32 28 September 2008 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2008
30 Passover massacre Israel Netanya 2002
28 2006 Varanasi bombings India Varanasi 2006
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International groups of Terrorism

  • 17 November Revolutionary Organisation (17N)
  • Abu Nidal Organisation (ANO)
  • Abu Sayyaf (ASG)
  • Al-Gama’at al-Islamiya (GI)
  • Al Gurabaa
  • Al Ittihad Al Islamia (AIAI)
  • Al Qaida
  • Ansar Al Islam (AI)
  • Ansar Al Sunna (AS):
  • Armed Islamic Group (Groupe Islamique Armée) (GIA)
  • Asbat Al-Ansar (‘League of Parisans’ or ‘Band of Helpers’)
  • Babbar Khalsa (BK)
  • Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA)
  • Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi ta Askatasuna) (ETA)
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ)
  • Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain (GICM)
  • Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
  • Harakat-Ul-Jihad-Ul-Islami (HUJI)
  • Harakat-Ul-Jihad-Ul-Islami (Bangladesh) (HUJI-B):
  • Harakat-Ul-Mujahideen/Alami (HuM/A) and Jundallah
  • Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HM)
  • Hezb-E Islami Gulbuddin (HIG)
  • Hizballah External Security Organisation
  • International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)
  • Islamic Army of Aden (IAA)
  • Islamic Jihad Union (IJU)
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
  • Jaish e Mohammed (JeM)
  • Jammat-ul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB)
  • Jeemah Islamiyah (JI)
  • Khuddam Ul-Islam (Kul) and splinter group Jamaat Ul-Furquan (JuF)
  • Kurdistan Workers Party (Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel) (PKK)
  • Lashkar e Tayyaba (LT)
  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
  • Palestinian Islamic Jihad – Shaqaqi (PIJ)
  • Revolutionary Peoples’ Liberation Party – Front (Devrimci Halk Kurtulus Partisi – Cephesi) (DHKP-C)
  • Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat) (GSPC)
  • Sipah-E Sahaba Pakistan (SSP) (renamed Millat-E Islami Pakistan (MIP) in April 2003) and splinter group Lashkar-E Jhangvi (LeJ)
  • Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG)
  • Saved Sect or Saviour Sect
  • Tehrik Nefaz-e Shari’at Muhammadi (TNSM)
  • Teyre Azadiye Kurdistan (TAK)

Mujaheddin e Khalq (MeK) was removed from the list of proscribed organisations in June 2008, as a result of judgements of the Proscribed Organisations Appeals Commission and the Court of Appeal

[edit]Domestic groups

A number of armed paramilitary groups are also proscribed due to involvement in the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The list as of February 2010 is:[8]

  • Continuity Army Council (CAC)
  • Cumann na mBan
  • Fianna na hÉireann, a name claimed by multiple groups
  • Irish National Liberation Army (INLA)
  • Irish People’s Liberation Organisation (IPLO)
  • Irish Republican Army (IRA), a name claimed by multiple groups
  • Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF)
  • Orange Volunteers
  • Red Hand Commando
  • Red Hand Defenders
  • Saor Éire
  • Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
  • Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF)
  • Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)

Top 50 Most Influential Women in History

  • Queen Elizabeth I (England)
  • Madam Cama (India)
  • Jacqueline Kennedy (USA)
  • Rosa Parks (USA)
  • Eleanor Roosevelt (USA)
  • Harriet Tubman (USA)
  • Helen Keller (USA)
  • Florence Nightingale (England)
  • Virginia Woolf (England)
  • Rosa Luxemburg (Poland)
  • Catherine, the Great (Russia)
  • Joan of Arc (France)
  • Coco Chanel (France)
  • Barbara McClintock (USA)
  • Sappho (Greece)
  • Maria Montessori (Italy)
  • Anne Frank (German)
  • Marilyn Monroe (USA)
  • Queen Hatshepsut (Egypt)
  • Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi (India)
  • Mary Kingsley (English)
  • Agatha Christie (England)
  • Abbakka Rani (India)
  • Julia Child (USA)
  • Emily Bronte (England)
  • Katherine Hepburn (USA)
  • Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan)
  • Sarojini Naidu (India)
  • Vijayalakshmi Pandit (India)
  • Ella Fitzgerald (USA)
  • Grace Hopper (USA)
  • Audrey Hepburn (England)
  • Princess Diana (England)
  • Amelia Earhart (USA)
  • Maria Theresa (Austria)
  • Marie Antoinette (France)
  • Betty Friedan (USA)
  • Isabella Of Spain (Spain)
  • Susan Anthony (USA)
  • Wu Zetian (China)
  • Margaret Mead (USA)
  • Sarah Bernhardt (France)
  • Emma Goldman (Lithuania)
  • Emmeline Pankhurst (England)
  • Mirabai (India)
  • Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (Switzerland)
  • Catherine de Medici (France)
  • Queen Nzinga (South Africa)
  • Clara Barton (USA)
  • Elizabeth Blackwell (USA)

List of environmental dates

  • World Wetlands Day – February 2
  • National Biodiesel Day [1] – March 18
  • UN World Day for Water – March 22
  • Earth Day – April 22
  • Arbor Day – Last Friday in April (each state also has its own observation based on best tree planting time)
  • International Migratory Bird Day – May 3
  • International Day for Biological Diversity (World Biodiversity Day) – May 22
  • Bike-to-Work Day – Third Friday in May
  • UN World Environment Day – June 5
  • UN World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought – June 17
  • UN World Population Day – July 11
  • International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer – September 16
  • Zero Emissions Day[2] – September 21
  • Car Free Day – September 22
  • Ecological Debt Day (Earth Overshoot Day) – September 23 in 2008, but receding
  • UN World Habitat Day – first Monday in October
  • International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction – second Wednesday in October
  • International Day of Climate Action – October 24
  • International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict – November 6
  • World Soil Day – December 5
  • International Mountain Day – December 11
  • Ozone Action Day – at certain times during the summer months
  • eDay – variable date

List of World days

Days

January

  • January 1 – Global Family Day – formerly One Day of Peace and Sharing, recognized by the UN
  • January 1 – World Day of Peace – established by pope Paul VI in his letter dated on 8.12.1967
  • January 4 – World Hypnotism Day – established to promote awareness of hypnosis
  • January 6 – World day for War orphans – initiated by (S.O.S Enfants En Detresse – http://www.soseed.org by Stephen N. Kinuthia)
  • January 11 – International Day for Peace in Kenya January 11, 2008. Recent events in the country left Kenyans in fear of their future. The stalemate between the political leaders has created opportunity for destructive forces, and organized militia, which have risen to kill innocent people (more than 450 killed, thousands injured and over 250,000 displaced – initiated by (Kenya Welfare Foundation & Kenya Development Network and Consortium)
  • 3rd Sunday of January – World Religion Day – established in 1950 [1]
  • January 24 – National girl child day of India, recognized by India
  • January 27 – International Holocaust Remembrance Day, recognized by the UN
  • January 28 – Data Protection Day – recognized by the Council of Europe [2]

February

  • February 2 – World Wetlands Day
  • February 4 – World Cancer Day
  • February 6 – International Day Against Female Genital Mutilation
  • February 11 – World Day of the Sick, an observance day instituted by pope John Paul II.
  • February 12 – Darwin Day
  • February 14 – Valentines Day
  • February 20 – World Day of Social Justice, recognized by the UN
  • February 21 – International Mother Language Day, recognized by the UN World Tourist Guide Day. International Mother Language Day originated as the international recognition of Language Movement Day, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh since 1952, when a number of Dhaka university students were killed by the Pakistani police and army in Dhaka during the Bengali Language Movement.

March

  • March 4 – World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation ONG GIPF (site (French))
  • March 8 – United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace, recognized by the UN
  • March 8 – International Women’s Day [3], recognized by the UN
  • March 14 – International Day of Action for Rivers [4]]
  • March 15 – World Day of Muslim Culture, Peace, Dialogue and Film
  • March 15 – World Consumer Rights Day
  • March 15 – Masood & Shaheen’s Anniversary Day
  • March 20 – International Day of the Francophonie (site (French))
  • March 20 – World Day of Theatre for Children and Young People [5]
  • March 21 – International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, recognized by the UN
  • March 21 – World Poetry Day, recognized by the UNESCO (Masood)
  • March 22 – World Day for Water, recognized by the UN
  • March 23 – World Meteorological Day, recognized by the UN
  • March 24 – International Day for Achievers, World Tuberculosis Day, recognized by the UN
  • March 25 – International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, recognized by the UN
  • March 27 – World Theatre Day

April

  • April 2 – World Autism Awareness Day, recognized by the UN
  • April 4 – International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action, recognized by the UN
  • April 7 – World Health Day, recognized by the UN
  • April 7 – International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda, recognized by the UN
  • April 14 – Mahl Language Day
  • April 16 – World Entrepreneurship Day (WED) site
  • April 17 – World Hemophilia Day, recognized by the UN
  • April 21 – World Creativity and Innovation Day. Celebrations begin April 15 – Leonardo da Vinci’s Birthday
  • April 22 – Earth Day
  • April 23 – World Book and Copyright Day, recognized by the UN
  • April 24 – World Day for Laboratory Animals, recognized by the UN
  • April 25 – World Malaria Day, recognized by the WHO
  • April 26 – World Intellectual Property Day, recognized by the UN
  • April 28 – International Workers’ Memorial Day
  • April 29 – World Dance Day

May

  • May 1 – May Day – Labour Day
  • May 3 – World Press Freedom Day, recognized by the UN
  • May 4 – International Firefighters’ Day
  • May 5 – International Midwives Day
  • May 8 – World Red Cross & Red Crescent Day
  • May 8-May 9 – Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives during the Second World War, recognized by the UN
  • May 10 – International Mothers Daymy bday
  • May 12 – International Nurses Day
  • May 15 – International Day of Families, recognized by the UN
  • May 17 – World Information Society Day, recognized by the UN
  • May 18 – World Museum Day
  • May 19 – World Hepatitis Day
  • May 21 – World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, recognized by the UN
  • May 22 – International Day for Biological Diversity, recognized by the UN
  • May 23 – World Turtle Day
  • May 29 – International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, recognized by the UN
  • May 31 – World No Tobacco Day, recognized by the UN
  • 1st Tuesday of May – World Asthma Day
  • 2nd Saturday of May – World Fair Trade Day

June

  • June 1 – International Children’s Day
  • June 4 – International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression, recognized by the UN
  • June 5 – World Environment Day, recognized by the UN
  • June 8 – World Brain Tumour Day
  • June 8 – World Ocean Day
  • June 12 – World Day Against Child Labour
  • June 14 – World Blood Donor Day, recognized by the UN
  • June 17 – World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, recognized by the UN
  • June 18 – International Picnic Day
  • June 19 – World Sickle Cell Anaemia Awareness Day
  • June 20 – World Refugee Day, recognized by the UN
  • June 21 – World Music Day
  • June 23 – United Nations Public Service Day, recognized by the UN
  • June 26 – International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, recognized by the UN
  • June 26 – International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, recognized by the UN

July

  • 1st Saturday of July – International Day of Cooperatives, recognized by the UN
  • July 11 – World Population Day, recognized by the UN

August

  • August 9 – International Day of the World’s Indigenous People, recognized by the UN[6][7]
  • August 12 – International Youth Day, recognized by the UN
  • August 13 – International Lefthanders Day
  • August 15 – [[International Mourning Day]/INDEPENDENCE DAY.(India)
  • August 19 – World Humanitarian Day
  • August 23 – International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition, recognized by the UN
  • August 29 – Telugu Language Day

September

  • September 8 – International Literacy Day, recognized by the UN
  • September 11 – World First Aid Day
  • September 15 – International Day of Democracy, recognized by the UN
  • September 15 – International Day of Engineers, recognized by the INDIA, In remembrance of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
  • September 16 – International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, recognized by the UN
  • September 19 – International Talk Like a Pirate Day
  • September 21 – International Day of Peace, recognized by the UN
  • September 21 – [Peace Channel Day], Nagaland +91-386-223-3435
  • September 21 – World Alzheimer’s Day
  • September 22 – (World) Car Free Day(s)
  • September 25 – International Grab Hand Day. Not Recognised by UN, but only those in the GIS Industry, and all associated IT Disciplines.[citation needed]
  • September 26 – European Day of Languages
  • September 27 – World Tourism Day
  • September 28 – Right to Know Day [8]
  • September 28 – World Rabies Day
  • During last week of September – World Maritime Day, recognized by the UN

October

  • First Monday of October – World Habitat Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 1 – International Day of Older Persons, recognized by the UN
  • October 1 – World Vegetarian Day
  • October 2 – International Day of Non-Violence, recognized by the UN, observed on M.K. Gandhi’s birthday
  • October 3 – World Smile Day[9]
  • October 4 – World Animal Day
  • October 5 – World Teachers’ Day
  • Second Wednesday of October – International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction, recognized by the UN
  • October 6 – World Hospice and Palliative Care Day
  • October 8 – World Humanitarian Action Day
  • October 9 – World Post Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 10 – World Mental Health Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 10 – World Day Against Death Penalty, recognized by the WCADP
  • October 14 – World Standards Day
  • October 15 – International Day of Rural Women, recognized by the UN
  • October 15 – Global Handwashing Day
  • October 16 – National Boss Day (Boss’s Day)
  • October 16 – World Food Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 17 – International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, recognized by the UN
  • October 20 – International Day of the Air Traffic Controller, [10]
  • October 24 – United Nations Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 24 – World Development Information Day, recognized by the UN
  • October 27 – World Day for Audiovisual Heritage, recognized by the UN
  • October 25-31 – International Epidermolysis Bullosa Awareness Week, [11]

November

  • Third Sunday of November – World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims, recognized by the UN
  • November 1 – World Vegan Day
  • November 6 – International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict, recognized by the UN
  • November 8 – World Radiographer Day
  • November 9 – World Freedom Day
  • November 14 – World Diabetes Day, recognized by the UN
  • November 16 – International Day for Tolerance, recognized by the UN
  • November 17 – International Students Day
  • November 19 – International Men’s Day (Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Australia, India, United States, Singapore, United Kingdom, Malta, South Africa, Hungary, Ireland, Ghana, andCanada)
  • November 19 – World Toilet Day
  • November 20 – Africa Industrialization Day, recognized by the UN
  • November 20 – Universal Children’s Day, recognized by the UN
  • November 21 – World Hello Day
  • November 21 – World Television Day, recognized by the UN
  • November 25 – International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, recognized by the UN
  • November 25 – International Meatless Day[12]
  • November 29 – International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, recognized by the UN
  • November 30 – Computer Security Day

December

  • December 1 – World Aids Day, recognized by the UN/ WORLD AIDS DAY
  • December 2 – International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, recognized by the UN
  • December 3 – International Day of Persons with Disabilities, recognized by the UN
  • December 5 – International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development, recognized by the UN
  • December 7 – International Civil Aviation Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 8 – International Fridge Magnet Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 9 – The International Day against Corruption, recognized by the UN
  • December 10 – Human Rights Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 11 – International Mountain Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 18 – International Migrants Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 19 – United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, recognized by the UN
  • December 20 – International Human Solidarity Day, recognized by the UN
  • December 25 – Christmas

List of Famous Scientists in History

Albert Einstein
He is arguably at the pinnacle if the popularity of all the scientists is taken into account. He demonstrated solutions to a trio of mind-boggling topics in Physics in 1905 and shot into limelight.

Sir Isaac Newton
“Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica” called “Principia” is acknowledged as the greatest scientific book ever published. Sir Isaac Newton wrote this in 1687.

Galileo Galilei
He was the first to use the telescope for furnishing evidence that the earth revolves around the Sun. This postulate was in contrast to that held by the majority.

Charles Darwin
“On the origin of species by means of natural selection” is Darwin’s famous book published in 1859.

Johannes Kepler
Kepler compiled the Mars data which enabled him to propose the “Three Laws of Planetary Motion”.

Louis Pasteur
Some of his works are:

  • separation of mirror image molecules and effect of polarized light
  • identification of the parasite that was killing silkworms

James Maxwell
He is known for the “Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism” published in 1873. Maxwell independently developed the “Maxwell-Boltzmann kinetic theory of gases”.

Edwin Hubble
“Hubble’s Law” stated that galaxies move away from each other at a speed determined by the distance that separated them. He classified galaxies as per their distance, shape, brightness patterns and content.

Emil Fisher
Some of his works are:

  • synthesis of glucose, fructose, mannose starting with glycerol
  • establishing structures for the 16 stereoisomers of the aldohexoses with glucose as the most prominent member

Paul Dirac
He received a Nobel prize in 1933 for the work on anti-particles. The “Dirac equation” was a version of the Schrodinger’s equation.

Archimedes
His major achievements are “The Archimedes principle in hydrostatics”, the Archimedes screw and the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and the circumscribing cylinder.

Marie Curie
She won the 1903 Nobel price in Physics and the 1911 Nobel prize in Chemistry.

Thomas Alva Edison
He set up the first industrial research laboratory in the world and was a world record holder of 1093 patents.

Max Planck
He introduced the quantum and became the recipient of the Nobel prize for Physics in 1918.

Nikola Tesla
In 1882, he stated the rotating magnetic field principle and invented the alternating current long distance electrical transmission system six years later.

Aristotle
His works include Physics, Metaphysics, Politics, Poetics, Nicomachean Ethics and De Anima.

Leonardo da Vinci
He designed bridges, war machines, buildings, canals and forts.

Benjamin Franklin
He is arguably the most famous 18th century American after George Washington.

Niels Bohr
In 1922, he won the Nobel prize for Physics. He developed the “Bohr theory of the atom and liquid model of the atomic nucleus”.

Nicholas Copernicus
His theorized that the Sun was the fixed point around which the motions of the planets takes place. The Earth rotates around its axis once in a day and slow alterations in the direction of this axis cause the precession of the equinoxes.

Rene Descartes
He wrote “Meditationes de prima philosophia, in quibus Dei existentia, & animae a corpore distinctio, demonstratur” in 1641.

Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
In 1901, he won the Nobel prize for Physics as he discovered X-rays.

Carl Sagan
He promoted the Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence and was a pioneer of exobiology.

Jane Goodall
She is a world famous authority on chimpanzees.

Jonas Salk
He developed a vaccine for polio in 1952.

Alexander Graham Bell
He is the inventor of the telephone and the metal detector.

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
He developed the Raman spectroscopy that provides information regarding the molecular structure.

Ernest Rutherford
He developed atomic theory in 1911 and classified forms of radiation.

Joseph John Thomson
He received the Nobel prize for Physics in 1907 and developed the mass spectrograph.

William Ramsay
He independently discovered Helium and shared the discovery or Argon, Krypton and Xenon.

Alfred Nobel
He established a fund for the yearly Nobel prize in the areas of chemistry, physics, literature, international peace and medicine.

William Thompson
He derived the second law of thermodynamics and proposed the Kelvin temperature scale.

James Prescott Joule
One determines the rate at which heat is produced by an electric current by using Joule’s law.

Julius Robert von Mayer
Along with James Joule, he discovered the first law of thermodynamics.

Henry Bessemer
He invented an economical steel making procedure that burnt off impurities.

Robert Bunsen
He developed the spectroscope and discovered Cesium and Rubidium.

Thomas Graham
He developed the separation of crystalloids from colloids which is called “dialysis”.

Michael Faraday
He stated the laws of electrolysis in 1833.

Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner
He determined the relation between elements and their atomic weight.

Amedeo Avagadro
He concluded that equal volumes of gases at similar conditions of temperature and pressure has the same number of molecules.

William Henry
Henry’s Law states that the amount of gas absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure rises.

John Dalton
He developed the atomic theory.

Alessandro Volta
He invented the practical battery using cells of two types of metals.

Antoine Lavoisier
He recognized and named oxygen and disproved the phlogiston theory.

Charles Augustin de Coulomb
He discovered the law of force between two charged bodies.

Henry Cavendish
He discovered hydrogen and nitric acid.

Thomas Newcomen
He invented the steam engine.

Robert Boyle
He proposed the Boyle’s Law.

Blaise Pascal
The SI unit of pressure is named after him

List of the largest global technology companies

List of global technological companies by revenue

Rank Company Name 2009 Revenue
(USDmillion)
2008 Revenue
(USD million)
2007 Revenue
(USD million)
Headquarters Foundation Employees Executive Head
1 Samsung Electronics $117,4m $110,350m $103,4 m Samsung Town, Seoul,South Korea 1969 164,600 Lee Kun-hee, Chairman
2 Hewlett-Packard (HP) $114.552m $118,364m $104,000m Palo Alto, California,USA 1939 325,000 Mark V. Hurd, Chairman, CEO and President
3 Hitachi, Ltd. $99.544m $114,722m $94,998m Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan 1910 400,129 Kazuo Furukawa, President
4 International Business Machines (IBM) $95.757m $103,600m $98,800m Armonk, New York, USA 1896 399,409 Samuel J. Palmisano, Chairman & CEO
5 Sony $79,618 $100,000m $76,201m Minato, Tokyo, Japan 1896 180,500 Masaru Ibuka, Akio Morita, Co-founder Howard Stringer, Chairman, President & CEO
6 Nokia Corporation $58,802m $61,412m $78,619m Espoo, Finland 1865 123,171 Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, President & CEO;

Jorma Ollila, Chairman

7 Dell Inc. $61.101m $61,133m $57,400m Round Rock, Texas,USA 1984, November 4 76,500 Michael Dell, Founder and CEO
8 Microsoft Corporation $58,437m $60,420m $51,120m Redmond, Washington,USA 1975, April 4 93,000 Bill Gates, Co-founder and Executive Chairman; Steve Ballmer, CEO
9 NEC Corporation $45,650m $46,172m $47,589m Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan 1899 143,327 Hajime Sasaki, Chairman of the Board; Kaoru Yano, President
10 Canon Inc. $45,445m $45,801m $40,745m Ota-ku, Tokyo 1937, August 10 166,980 Fujio Mitarai, Chairman & CEO
11 Apple Inc. $42,91m $32,480m $24,010m Cupertino, California,USA 1976, April 1 34,300 Steve Jobs, CEO & Co-founder
12 Cisco Systems $36,117m $39,540m $34,922m San Jose, California,USA 1984 63,756 John T. Chambers, Chairman and CEO
13 Intel Corporation $35.127m $37,600m $38,300m Santa Clara, California,USA 1968 83,500 Paul S. Otellini, CEO; Craig Barrett, Chairman
14 Motorola $30,146m $36,622m $42,879m Schaumburg, Illinois,USA 1928 64,000 David Dorman, Chairman; Greg Brown, Co-CEO; Sanjay Jha, Co-CEO
15 Oracle Corporation $23,252m $22,430m $17,996m New York, New York, United States 1977 101,950 Larry Ellison, Co-founder & CEO Jeffrey O. Henley(Chairman)
16 Google $23,651m $22,134m $21,268m Mountain View, California, USA 1998, September 4 19,835 Sergey Brin, Co-founder, Lawrence E. Page, Co-founder &

Products President Eric E. Schmidt, (Chairman & CEO)